Channel switching gets a bad rap in customer service.
If you are not familiar with the term, it refers to situations where a customer starts an interaction with a company in one channel and the interaction moves to another channel.
The customer sometimes initiates this. For instance, a customer might email a company with a question and then call a day later when she does not get a response.
At other times, companies cause the channel switch. The classic example happens when a customer tweets at a company and the company replies saying, "Can you email your information to firstname.lastname@example.org and we'll look into it?"
Both of these examples seem bad, and they are. But there are definitely times when channel switching is terrific.
A Good Channel Switching Example
I've become a fan of the ride sharing app, Lyft.
Using Lyft requires a lot of channel switching, though I'd argue it enhances the experience. Here's an example from a recent business trip where I used Lyft to get from a client's office to the airport:
- App: I booked a ride on Lyft using the app and then tracked my driver.
- Text: Lyft texted to inform me my driver, Benjamin, was near.
- In-Person: This is the ride itself. Keep in mind in-person is a channel.
- App: I used the app to give Benjamin a rating and a tip after I arrived.
This one experience used three channels (app, text, and in-person) and switched channels three times. What made it terrific was every channel switch was seamless and felt natural.
The truth is we often seamlessly switch channels when interacting with companies.
You might use OpenTable to book a restaurant reservation and then visit the restaurant in-person to dine. Or you might call a customer service department for assistance and the rep sends you a helpful follow-up email.
You probably don't give channel switching a second thought when it works well.
Where Channel Switching Goes Wrong
Companies like Lyft succeed because they make channel switching seamless and natural. Many companies do not.
I recently decided to close an account with a local credit union. You would have thought I was requesting the most unusual transaction in history. Here's that experience:
- Website: searched for instructions or necessary forms (couldn't find any).
- Phone: Called for assistance. Was told to visit a branch.
- In-Person: Visited the branch to close the account. Was told it would take a day to process.
- Phone: Employee from branch made a follow-up call to verify account closed.
Like my Lyft experience, this credit union experience featured three channels (website, phone, and in-person) and three channel switches.
It was not a good experience because the channel switches felt forced and unnatural. It still doesn't make sense why I couldn't close my account online, given I could do just about everything else on the credit union's website.
The one positive part of the experience was the branch employee who made a follow-up call. She was technically switching channels, but that part was fine because it felt like a continuation of the conversation.
And that's the key. Good channel switching is seamless and natural. Bad channel switching just feels like the company doesn't have its act together.
Master the Moments of Truth
Jeannie Walters is the CEO of 360Connext. She's an expert in identifying and optimizing key moments in a customer's journey.
Walters suggests companies should think about a customer's real life rather than design touch points around a process. She gives a great example from retail clothing stores.
"Nordstrom and other retailers determined how customers like to order clothes online, but wanted the choice to return or exchange them at a store. Once these retailers saw the need for seamless channel switching, they were able to make returning via any channel easier. Now customers have the choice of returning by sending back with a pre-paid label, going to a store, or even calling a special phone line."
You can do something similar.
- Experience your products or service like a customer would.
- Contact your customer service department, just like a customer might.
- Talk to real customers and gather their feedback.
The goal is to find pinch points that harm the experience and find a way to make them seamless and natural for your customers.